SUNDARBAN – West Bengal, India
World largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest is Sundarban. It is gained World Heritage status from UNESCO.
Although, West Bengal consists only 1/3 part of Sundarban and 2/3 part in Bangladesh.
National Tiger Reserve forest and Biosphere Reserve located in Sundarban delta. Sundarban is mostly popular for it bio-diversity nature and most dense mangrove forest. Tourist attract largely for visit the Tiger Reserve Project in Sundarban.
Sundarban is located mainly on the delta of Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers.
Location : During the 19th century Sundarban was with total area of about 17,000 sq. km, but right now the total area is about 10,000 sq.km in which 60% area in Bangladesh and 40% area in India. Although, in Bangladesh part there are no human habitat in Sundarban area, but in Indian part many villages lie in Sundarban. Out of 102 islands 48 are deep mangrove forest and 54 islands are for human habitat. There are almost 38 lakhs people reside in these islands.
Sundarban is 125 km away from Kolkata, it lies between Matla and Raimangal river. In southern part Bay of Bengal and in northern part two major districts i.e. South 24 parganas & North 24 parganas are present.
South 24 Parganas : Earlier it was consists of 24 parganas ‘Jungle area’, but right now it consists of 13 Blocks, i.e. Cannning-I, Canning –II, Gosaba, Basanti, Kultali, Joynagar –I, Joynagar – II, Patharpratima, Kakdwip, Mathurapur – I, Mathurapur – II, Namkhana and Sagar. In which maximum population is in Sagar.
North 24 Parganas : It consists of about 6 Blocks, i.e. Sandeshkhali-I, Sandeshkhali – II, Haroa, Minakhan, Hasnabad, Hingalgunj etc.
Area wise division of Sundarban
Sundarban National forest, Sajnekhali Sanctuary, Sundarban buffer zone, West Sundarban sanctuary, Lothian island sanctuary, Holiday sanctuary, Extra forest, these are in the Indian Part.
In Bangladesh there are several parts like Khulna range, Chandpai Range, Sarankhola Range, Satkhira range.
Rivers : There are several rivers around the Sundarban, like Raimangal, Kartal, Hoogly, Matla, Bidyadhari, Saptamukhi, Ajmalmari, Jagaddal, Moni, Benifeli, Thakuran, Mridangabhanga, Herobhanga, Dhulibhasani, Muriganga, Gabtala, Horinbhanga, Goasba, Chulkathi, Beledona, Kortal and Jhila.