The Sundarbans, located in the delta region of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers, is home to a unique and diverse range of flora that has adapted to the saltwater environment. Some of the prominent flora found in the Sundarbans are:
- Sundari Tree – The Sundari tree (Heritiera fomes) is the dominant species of the Sundarbans forest. They grow up to 40 meters tall and play a vital role in maintaining the ecosystem of the forest.
- Gewa – Gewa (Excoecaria agallocha) is another important species of the Sundarbans forest. It is a mangrove plant that is highly resistant to salt and can grow up to 10 meters tall.
- Keora – Keora (Sonneratia apetala) is a mangrove tree that is found in the Sundarbans. It is known for its white flowers, which bloom during the summer months.
- Hental – Hental (Phoenix paludosa) is a palm tree that is found in the Sundarbans. It is highly resistant to salt and is used for making ropes, baskets, and mats.
- Dhundul – Dhundul (Xylocarpus granatum) is a mangrove tree that is found in the Sundarbans. It produces a fruit that is used for medicinal purposes.
- Kankra – Kankra (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza) is a mangrove tree that is found in the Sundarbans. It has aerial roots that help it to survive in the saline environment.
- Golpati – Golpati (Nypa fruticans) is a palm tree that is found in the Sundarbans. It is also known as the ‘Tiger Palm’ because its leaves are used for making tiger traps.
These are some of the prominent flora found in the Sundarbans. The mangrove forest of the Sundarbans has a unique ecosystem that supports a wide range of flora and fauna, and it is an important part of the natural heritage of the world.